What are the Different Types of Surveying in Construction?
The history of surveying in construction goes back thousands of years. It’s an essential part of any construction project and as a result there are many different types of surveying that exist in the construction industry today.
A land surveyor, also known as a geomatics surveyor, creates site plans for construction and civil engineering projects by collecting data and mapping the shape of the land. They can work on a variety of different projects including bridges, tunnels, roads, mining and quarrying among others. Some of the work they are responsible for includes:
- Geomatics – gathering, storing, processing and delivering geographic information
- Feasibility studies – carrying our surveys and assessments on potential construction sites
- Geomechanics – monitoring land movement and subsidence caused naturally or during the construction process
- Geospatial measurement – charting exact co-ordinates of site features using GPS and surveying instruments, mapping land use with satellite photography and producing digital images of sites
Quantity surveyors can specialise in many different areas. Those who work for construction companies are usually known as a “main contractor’s quantity surveyor”.
The main job of a quantity surveyor in construction is to deal with costs and contracts on construction projects. They will also give advice on decisions that have to be made while managing a project from the day it starts to the day it is completed. Some of their duties will include:
- Monitoring each stage of construction to make sure that costs are in line with forecasts
- Negotiating and drawing up bids for tenders and contracts
- Carrying out feasibility studies to estimate materials, time and labour costs
- Acting on the behalf of clients to resolve disputes
- Making sure that the project meets quality and legal standards
Building surveyors advise clients about the design and construction of new buildings. They need to have good communication skills and be adept at solving problems. Some of the work involved includes:
- Checking to make sure that properties meet building regulations and fire safety accessibility standards
- Dealing with planning applications
- Surveying properties to identify structural faults and making recommendations for repairs
Technical surveyors carry out various tasks, most of them in support of architects, chartered surveyors and engineers. Their job involves all types of surveying including land, quantity, building, general practice and minerals. Their duties include:
- Draughting plans using computer software
- Helping with environmental impact assessments
- Supervising construction operatives on site
- Scheduling workloads and monitoring the progress of projects
Planning and development surveyor
A planning and development surveyors main role is to assess, design and manage development projects.
These projects can be varied and a planning and development surveyor would be involved in every stage of the project from initial site assessments through to the completion of the entire project. Depending on what the particular project is the role of a planning and development surveyor would include:
- Assessing whether plans are workable
- Negotiating contracts and tenders
- Overseeing planning applications
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